What is an abstract?
The purpose of an abstract is to serve as a brief summary of the project which is written after the project has been completed. The maximum word count is 250 words. All Expo projects must have an abstract.
- Write your abstract in the past tense.
- The abstract allows the reader to conclude whether the project write-up is worth reading.
- The abstract appears at the beginning of the report file.
How to write an abstract
The abstract should include the following headings:
Purpose of the Project
- An introductory statement of the reason for investigating the topic of the project.
- A statement of the problem or hypothesis or engineering goals being studied.
Procedure or Method:
- A summary of the key points and an overview of how the investigation was conducted.
- An abstract gives no details about the materials used unless they greatly influenced the procedure or had to be developed to do the investigation.
- An abstract should only include reference to method or procedure done by the learner during the project. Work done by a mentor or work done prior to the learner’s involvement must not be included.
- This section should provide key results that lead directly to the conclusion that has been drawn.
- It should not give too many details about the results but must include the most important data generated in the investigations.
- Conclusion(s) from the investigation should be described briefly.
- An abstract does not include references or acknowledgements.