Database Login

STEP 3: Gather background information

Use books and Internet sites for the research. A summary of the background information must be included in the introduction (this is called a literature review). Remember to record all the references.

Survey results form part of the background research only. Engineering projects could include a model resembling the first prototype.

STEP 4: Collect data (ALL data/prototype design and testing must be from the current year in which the project is to be entering into Expo)

  • Test your hypothesis/engineering goals.
  • Make sure you do sufficient testing to make your results reliable.
  • Interview people interested in your topic.
  • Keep handwritten notes in a journal (e.g. file, diary or scrap book). A journal is the most important piece of work. Accurate and detailed notes make a logical and winning project. Good notes show consistency and thoroughness to the judges. Record all data in the journal and then transfer it to tables when writing up the project. Make sure that every entry is dated.

STEP 5: Results

  • Record data in tables
  • Record numerical results/data in tables
  • Generate graphs from your tables. Check that your graphs are correctly completed
  • Add photos with applicable, scientific captions
  • File a blank copy of any questionnaire/survey in the journal

STEP 6: Discuss results

  • Interpret the data and make comparisons
  • Look at trends and patterns
  • Note limitations and errors in your discussion

Copyright ©  Eskom Expo for Young Scientists 2012. All Rights Reserved.